Survival Strategies Adopted by Youths in the City of Lagos, Nigeria

Dr. Chinyere Carol Phyllis Nnorom
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One of the problems confronting the Nigerian society in this period of world wide economic depression is unemployment. Majority of its citizens are unemployed and those employed are mostly underemployed. The hope of getting the right and suitable placement in the shortest possible time seems unending. The time of waiting elongates and frustration sets in. Some are lured into evil practices for survival sake and many a time, these youths become so entangled in the practise that they feel reluctant to withdraw.

Where jobs are available, little or no satisfaction exists in job performance because people are working for the sake of keeping body and soul together. Many a time the job is taken for the sake of it; no relationship between the area of specialization and the work performed. Not only is the organization deprived of the necessary positive contributions expected of experts but also the organization suffers from inadequate attention and ultimately underdevelopment. The outcome is low output and self-esteem.

Having failed in their obligations to the citizenry, people device means of surviving the harsh environment they find themselves – idle minds brew evil practices and societal vices multiply. Most youths in Lagos metropolis lack jobs after several years of graduating from school due to circumstances beyond their control. They make concerted efforts to get engaged in gainful employment, which seems unattainable. Jobs are no longer based on merit but on whom you know. Many of these youths come from poor homes whose parents barely struggled to send them to school with the hope that their eventual graduation will bring smiles to their various families. It is in the bid to get jobs to ameliorate their families' conditions that most of them conglomerate in the city in search of white-collar jobs.

A survey of 150 of these youths was purposively selected in different towns in Lagos to ascertain their strategies for survival. Those selected are between the ages of 20 and 46 years. Both sexes (60 percent males and 40 percent females) were also interviewed to see the variations in their coping strategies by gender. The survey findings reveal different strokes for different people and more females have a better survival tactics than their male counterparts and females are more likely to attract sympathy from employers. However, most unemployed youths still rely on their parents for financial assistance and they also believe that there is a relationship between unemployment and vice. The paper recommends the need to provide job opportunities for qualified youths to prevent their being lured into dishonest and unprofitable practices that might lead to a chaotic society in the long run.

Keywords: Survival Strategies, Youths, Uneployment
Stream: Sociology and Geography
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Dr. Chinyere Carol Phyllis Nnorom

Lecturer, Department of Sociology
University of Lagos, University of Lagos

Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

As a lecturer, my work entails both teaching and research. My area of interest is in women, childern and health related issues. I have done some works with women and also conducted studies on HIV/AIDS. Some of my published works are: The Health Implications of Unmet Need for Contraception to Mothers and Children in Ehime Mbano, Imo State, Nigeria; Sexual Behaviour and HIV/ADIS Awareness among Young Traders in Lagos Metropolis; Gender and Street Hawking in Nigeria: The Lagos Experience; Relationship Between Students Dressing and Campus Violence; Sexual Harassment in the University of Lagos: A Fact or a Farce? I also serve as a coordinator on Sexual and Reproductive Health for a non Governmental Organization involved in youth development and also do consultancies with organizations working on improving the educational standards of Nigerians.

Ref: I06P0194