Local Labour Market Effects on Unemployment
There has been a significant level of interest on the impacts of neighbourhood effects on a range of outcomes including employment and unemployment, deviant/anti-social behaviour and quality of life. What this type of research has attempted to investigate is the extent to which individual level outcomes are nested in higher order influences (neighbourhoods). The objective of this paper is to begin considering the ways in which employment outcomes measured at the individual level are a function of both individual level characteristics as well as characteristics of the local labour market. The paper uses the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey combined with aggregate local labour market data to model employment outcomes. In doing so it provides some insight into the interactions between individual level outcomes and broader neighbourhood or regional outcomes.
Keywords: Local Labour Markets, Unemployment, Neighbourhood Effects
Assoc. Prof. Scott Baum
Researcher, Urban Research Program, Griffith University