Optimistic Bias on the Front Line: Emergency Medical Personnel and Domestic Violence Screening

Dr. John Chapin
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Emergency medical personnel represent the front lines of domestic violence screening. Optimistic bias regarding their perceived ability to identify and help a domestic violence victim better than others, may spur stronger self-efficacy among emergency medical personnel, thus resulting in better screening rates and increased interventions for victims. The results of a survey of 587 emergency medical personnel indicates that they are optimistic about their ability to identify and assist domestic violence victims. Optimistic bias is best predicted by self-efficacy and accurate knowledge of domestic violence.

Keywords: Domestic Violence, Optimistic Bias, Community Partnerships
Stream: Psychology, Cognitive Science and the Behavioural Sciences, Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Gender
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Optimistic Bias on the Front Line

Dr. John Chapin

Pennsylvania State University, Associate Professor of Communications, Pennsylvania State University

John Chapin received his Ph.D. from Rutgers University in 1998, in Media Studies and Adolescent Psychology. He applies this background to the study of media effects on adolescents and the creation, evaluation and impact of public health campaigns.

Ref: I06P0027