Optimistic Bias on the Front Line: Emergency Medical Personnel and Domestic Violence Screening
Emergency medical personnel represent the front lines of domestic violence screening. Optimistic bias regarding their perceived ability to identify and help a domestic violence victim better than others, may spur stronger self-efficacy among emergency medical personnel, thus resulting in better screening rates and increased interventions for victims. The results of a survey of 587 emergency medical personnel indicates that they are optimistic about their ability to identify and assist domestic violence victims. Optimistic bias is best predicted by self-efficacy and accurate knowledge of domestic violence.
Keywords: Domestic Violence, Optimistic Bias, Community Partnerships
Dr. John Chapin
Pennsylvania State University, Associate Professor of Communications, Pennsylvania State University