On The Differences Between The Sciences: Comparing Knowledge(s) of Health and Disease in the Ancient and Modern Contexts
This paper examines Max Weber’s proposition that the difference between the ‘sciences’ (defined in the broadest, and most ancient sense) is one of values, contexts and theoretical orientation rather than subject matter. Through an exploration of contemporary sociological and biomedical knowledges of health and disease, and a distinctly different intellectual tradition - Greek scholarship on medicine during the 6th to 4th centuries BCE – this paper explores the truth of this claim. In the process, it produces a number of insights into the historical and contextualised formation of knowledge about health and disease.
Keywords: Knowledge, Sociology, Medicine, History, Medical Sociology
Dr Fran Collyer
Senior Lecturer, Department of Sociology and Social Policy, The University of Sydney