Reconstruction After War: Sustainability Approach Using Hamming Distance and Analytic Hierarchy Process Concepts - The Case of Sierra Leone

By:
Mr. John Bundu Fofanah,
Dr. Mohamed Al-Hussein
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This paper highlights a tool for the assessment of the quality of life for citizens through the reconstruction of infrastructure facilities in war devastated municipalities. The case of Sierra Leone, a West African country which suffered eleven years of war devastation, is analyzed. Effective management in rebuilding the infrastructure and quantification of quality of life of citizens requires knowledge of the current status of facilities and the consequences of the infrastructure gap created by war devastation in municipalities. The Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to compute the criteria weights and the integration of fuzzy set with hamming distance conceptual approach is applied to define the infrastructure gap between the devastated municipalities.

By far the greatest obstacle in formulating an effective strategy for the selection of facilities for reconstruction under a limited budget is the lack of relevant historical data on the impact created by the categories of infrastructure facilities on the quality of life. Understanding the underpinnings of postwar reconstruction, i.e., what it entails and its importance and contribution to the improvement of the quality of life for the citizens, has not been adequately addressed. Hence, the goal of this infrastructure management system approach is to provide a tool that aids in making cost-effective decisions regarding the selection of the physical infrastructure facilities for rehabilitation, reconstruction or maintenance of the destroyed infrastructure facilities in municipalities.

As a result, the main focus of this paper is to describe the criteria used during the analysis of the quality of life, and to provide a framework that outlines the effects of money spent in rebuilding municipalities and how the rebuilding affects the quality of life. It is hoped that countries faced with similar problems including funding agencies such as United Nations and the World Bank can benefit immensely from this knowledge.


Keywords: Hamming Distance, Fuzzy Set Theory, Quality of Life, Analytic Hierarchy Process, Decision Making, War Devastation
Stream: Technology and Applied Sciences
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Reconstruction After War


Mr. John Bundu Fofanah

Student, School of Construction Engineering and Management
Civil Engineering Department, University of Alberta

Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

I was involved in the reconstruction of postwar Sierra Leone after the eleven years civil conflict as project Engineer, 2001 - 2003. My task was to assess the status of the infrastructure in devastated municipalities for the intervision of government and the international donor community in the reconstruction process. Before this period I worked as senior engineer for the Sierra Leone Roads Authority. The evaluation of the status of roads and quantifying the requirements in terms of labour, material, time and cost was my job description.

Dr. Mohamed Al-Hussein

Lecturer, Hole School of Construction Engineering
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Canada, Civil Engineering department

Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Dr. Al-Hussein is interested in project management, including resource, facility, equipment, procurement management, as well as project cost control and claims analysis. He is also interested in computer modeling with regards to business process modeling and data modeling in construction. Currently he is at work on a project which utilizes 3D-Solids CAD modeling, object oriented methodology, and information management systems with regards to construction automation. The CAD model, prepared by the architect, integrates with other external information systems, such as databases, using object-oriented methodology. This research is intended to expand in the knowledge that exists in the field of construction automation.

Ref: I06P0304