Facilitating Community-based Science and Public Health: A Generic Model

Dr Richard G. Anstiss
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Based on an earlier series of papers [1,2 & 3] that introduced the foundation principles and model concepts, a generic model for facilitating community-based science and public health is now presented. The previous conceptual model [3] demonstrated in a developing country context is here broadened and generalised and includes a developed country case study in New Zealand of aerial pesticide spraying of a suburban population. The generic model here is applicable in a wide range of contexts and scenarios and consists of a series of recognisable general development steps through which true community-based processes must pass to attain sustainable and appropriate science and public health related outcomes.

The model integrates local, regional and national aspects to translate representative and transparent community-based assessments and decisions to implementation with community re-assessments and relative community-based sustainability of local community versus nationally derived programmes then defining either a passage to bedding down the sustainable outcomes and protocols or an iterative remediation cycle.

It is concluded that dis-advantaged communities from both developing and developed countries can frequently become trapped in iteration cycles caused by the communities not having appropriate and functional input and control on the science/public health programmes that are supposedly acting on their behalf.

[1] Anstiss R.G., Ahmed M., Islam S., Khan A.W. and Arewgoda M. (2001) A sustainable community-based arsenic mitigation pilot project in Bangladesh, International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 11 p267-274

[2] Anstiss R.G. (2002) Bridging Science and Technology with Development In: Contesting Development: Pathways to Better Practice. Proceedings of the Third Biennial Conference of the Aotearoa New Zealand International Development Studies Network. Massey University, p79-80

[3] Anstiss R.G. and Ahmed M. (2006) A conceptual model for use in community-based drinking water improvements, Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition [in press]

Keywords: Generic model, Community-based, Science and Public Health, Sustainability and Appropriateness, Community Representation
Stream: Natural, Environmental and Health Sciences, Technology and Applied Sciences, Research Methodologies, Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: Facilitating Community-based Science and Public Health

Dr Richard G. Anstiss

Senior Lecturer, Applied Science Division,
Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology

Auckland, New Zealand

Biography from Marquis Who's Who in the World 2004:
ANSTISS, RICHARD GORDON, geochemist; b. Auckland, New Zealand, June 18,
1962; s. Donald Gordon and Jennifer Conroy Anstiss; m. Sabine Nathalie Richard, 1996;
1 child, Alex Jules. BS with honors, U. Auckland, 1985; PhD, Victoria U. Wellington,
1990. Sr. lectr., dir. trace element rsch. group Auckland U. Tech., New Zealand, 1996-.
Arsenic cons. New Zealand Ministry Fgn. Affairs and Trade, Bangladesh,
1998-2002; vis. asst. prof. Rajshahi U., 2000-; arsenic tech. advisor Unicef, Wateraid,
1998-2000; water quality, health tech. advisor Govt. Agencies, Universities, NGO's,
2000-. Author: Study of longer-term radionuclide leakage at Moruroa and Fangataufa
atolls, French Polynesia; contbr. articles to profl. jours. Mem. voting assembly
Greenpeace New Zealand, 1997; memo Amnesty Internat., 2002, Auckland Refugee
Coun., 2001-. Nominee Services to Humanity award, New Zealand Red Cross, 1999;
recipient Sr. prize Geology, U. Auckland, 1983, Chemistry Divsn. Rsch. award, Dept. of
Sci. and lndsl. Rsch., 1989; fellow, U. Calif., Berkeley, 1990-91, Stanford U., Calif.,
1991-93, CNRS, France, 1993-95, U. Auckland, 1996; grantee, Auckland U. Tech., 1997,
New Zealand Ministry Fgn. Affairs and Trade, 1998-2001; scholar, New Zealand
GOVL, 1985-89, Jacob Joseph scholar, Victoria U. Wellington, 1989. Mem.: Assn.
Chemistry and Environment, Devel. Network, Environ. Health, Royal Soc. New Zealand
(mem. nuclear testing effects forum 1996). Achievements include first to combine
appropriate science and technology with sustainable development through
characterization and mitigation of toxic environmental contaminants; to initiate protocols
for provision of sustainable science and technology. Avocations: nature, windsurfing, art,
sailing. Office: Auckland U Tech St Pauls St Auckland 1020 Private Bag 92006 New
Zealand Office Fax: 64 9 9179973. E-mail: richard .anstiss@aut.ac.nz.

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