Greek Primary School Teachers’ Understanding of the ‘cross-Curricular’ and the ‘Project Method’ Teaching Approaches Applied in Classrooms
The present study focuses on Greek teachers’ understanding about the cross-curricular and the project method teaching approaches applied in primary schools. During 2003 the new ‘Cross-Curricular Integrated Frame of Programmes of Study’ (CCIFPS) for all compulsory education was legalised, however, teachers did not receive any extended training, except an introductory session, and action was left to what they understood.
Therefore, it seems to be of significance to find out what actually teachers know about cross-curricular teaching, how this is clarified in their minds and what do they know about the application of cross-curricular topics and the project method. Do they perceive the two as one and do they apply either or both in their teaching in order to meet the expectations of the new frame of Programmes of Study? To answer those questions we carried out this study and constructed a questionnaire which was given out to primary school teachers from different regions of the country. We decided to focus on teachers who teach in primary schools (year 1 to year 6), because cross-curricular and integrated teaching can be applied to this stage of education by the class teacher himself/herself, compared to the lower secondary school in which different speciality teachers need to co-operate before applying cross-curricular teaching.
Keywords: Primary school teachers, Understanding, Cross-curricular teaching, The ‘project method’ of teaching
Dr. Stavroula Kaldi
Department of Primary Education, University of Aegean