Adolescent Violence Prevention: A Review of After-School and Arts-Based Programs
From an interdisciplinary perspective, preventing violence among young people is a broad and worthy goal with many possible solutions. In this paper, the authors take a theoretical perspective on this issue and present background information on afterschool programs, violence prevention, and arts education with the goal of highlighting the nexus of these three areas. Only by understanding the issues related to adolescent violence and promising interventions, can teachers, parents, and administrators take effective action. Particularly with respect to the arts in after-school programs, the authors suggest that substantial work needs to be done to form a coherent theoretical framework for well-informed program development. To that end, the three purposes of this paper are to: (1) summarize literature on adolescent violence; (2) review after-school programs and identify components key for their success; (3) explore unique and effective ways the arts may contribute to violence prevention in after-school programming.
Keywords: Adolescent Violence Prevention, Violence Prevention, Afterschool Programs, Arts Education
Dr. Daniel C. Johnson
Assistant Professor and Assistant Chair, Department of Music, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Dr. Caroline Clements
Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Wilmington